The basic objective of the programme is to minimise the adverse effects of drought on production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources ultimately leading to drought proofing of the affected areas. The programme also aims to promote overall economic development and improving the socio-economic conditions of the resource poor and disadvantaged sections inhabiting the programme areas.
Upto 1994-95, DPAP was in operation in 627 blocks of 96 districts in 13 States. Prof. C.H. Hanumanntha Rao Committee recommended:
- Exclusion of 245 existing blocks;
- Including of 384 new blocks; and
- Transfer of 64 blocks from DPAP to DDP.
The Government did not agreed for exclusion of existing DDP blocks. However, inclusion of new blocks and transfer of blocks from DPAP to DDP was agreed to. Thus, from 1995-96 total blocks covered under DPAP became 947. These 947 blocks were in 164 districts in 13 States. Subsequently, with the re-organization of States, Districts and Blocks, the programme is now covered in 972 blocks of 183 districts in 16 States. These States are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and West Bengal. The identified dry sub humid area under the programme is about 7.46 lakh sqkms (74.6 million has.). The details are given at Annexure 1.
Cost, Funding Pattern and duration of the project
The prevailing cost for a prescribed watershed project of 500 ha. is Rs. 30.00 lakh i.e. Rs. 6,000 per hectare. Central and State Government in the ratio of 75 : 25 share the cost. 80% (85% under Hariyali) of the cost is devoted towards watershed development activities and rest 20% (15% under Hariyali) for community organization, training and administrative jobs. The central share is released in 7 installments ( 5 insts. under Hariyali) by following a prescribed procedure. The project is to be completed over a period of five years.
Physical Performance of the DPAP
Since the adoption of watershed approach in the year 1995-96 till 2005-2006, 24363 projects have been sanctioned to treat 121.82 lakh hectares of drought prone area. The year-wise details of projects sanctioned from 1995-96 to 2005-06 are at Annexure 2. The project period of 6089 projects sanctioned from 1995-96 to 1998-99 has however been over; of these 4325 projects are deemed complete and funding stopped to 1764 projects. Among 18274 projects sanctioned from 1999-2000 to 2005-06, 1392 projects are deemed complete and 16882 projects are ongoing as on 31.3.2006. Thus, a total of 5717 projects are deemed complete, funding has been stopped to 1764 projects and 16882 projects are ongoing.
The Union Government sanction block wise new projects every year to programme districts taking in to consideration primarily the DPAP coverage, performance of the on-going projects, capacity to absorb new projects and annual budget outlay etc. During the year 2005-06, 3000 new watershed projects have been sanctioned under DPAP to treat an area of 15 lakh hectares at a total cost of Rs. 900.00 crore over a period of five years. The Central share is Rs. 675 crore out of which the amount of first installment i.e Rs. 101.25 crore has been released. These projects are being implemented in accordance with the provisions contained in the Guidelines for Hariyali.
Treatment of Area
The estimated area treated under DPAP is given below:- Under Sectoral approach: From inception till 31.3.1995 - 57.14 lakh ha. Under Watershed approach:
In lakh hectares
A. The total amount committed for these 24363 projects (sanctioned from 1995-96-2005-06) is Rs. 6469.20 crores of which Rs. 4772.46 crores is the central share. From 1995-96 to 2005-2006, an amount of Rs. 2095.33 crore has been released. The year-wise details of funds released to the programme States since 1995-96 to 2005-2006 are at Annexure 3. The Budget outlay for 2006-07 is Rs.360 crore against which Rs.11.84 crore has been utilized upto 17.5.2006.
B. A review indicating the progress made in implementation of 24363 DPAP Projects sanctioned from 1995-96 till 2005-06, in terms of amount that should have been claimed by the programme States and amount actually claimed (as on31.03.2006) indicates that financial performance of this programme for all the States is about 73.81%.