Land Use is the proper management of land for its optimal utilization. This refers to all levels of governance on all scales. It includes rural areas, urban areas and all unsettled land.
India has over 17% of world’s population living on 2.6% of the world’s geographical area. The increased demand for land in recent years is a result of diversion and utilisation of land for various uses such as agriculture, urban and rural development (human habitat), industrial development, mining, transportation and environmentally sensitive ecosystem areas.
Robust planning and management approaches are required to balance competing uses of land so as to ensure sustainable growth. Comprehensive spatial governance structures at all levels, ensuring involvement of all relevant stakeholders, can reduce potential conflicts of competing land uses to a great extent.
This Department is entrusted with the subject of land use planning.. To gain from good global practices, the Department entered into an agreement with Deutsch Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) of Federal Republic of Germany on 7 October, 2015 for a pilot project on land Use planning and Management in two states. Land use Planning and Management is one of the 13 projects listed as part of the Technical Cooperation Umbrella Agreement 2013 signed between UOI and Federal Republic of Germany on 5 February, 2014. This agreement is a follow-upto the Agreement signed between UOI and Government of Federal Republic of Germany concerning Technical co-operation that exists since 31st December, 1971.
The project has focus on four activities, interalia, development of land use policies, development of planning instruments, human capacity development and organization and institutional Development.
The objective of this project is to improve the system of land use planning by designing state land use policies and norms of planning at district level. The project lays emphasis on application of policies and norms by state planning institutions so as to ensure more transparent land use planning and balanced land management in relation to the ecological, economic, and social aspects.
The States of Odisha and Tamil Nadu have been selected as two pilot states for demonstrating project works at different scales (national, states, districts and municipal levels).It is expected that the suggested State land use policies and principles will guide select institutions in developing plans for State, districts and metropolitan areas with due consideration to eco-sensitive zones, special industrial areas, special economic zones etc.
The project will also develop standard operating procedures and guidelines for collaboration and interface with different departments within the State for spatial planning to promote inter-sectoral coordination mechanism among various departments at state level.
GIZ works closely with partner institutions in the two selected states to develop land use policies, technical and methodological planning instruments as well as capacity building programmes. Additionally the project aims to create a culture of spatial planning by demonstrating the idea of a normative approach of land use planning and management.
For more information and updates, please visit: http://lupm.urban-industrial.in/e65525/