For modernization of land records management system in the country the Department of Land Resources (DoLR) is implementing the National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP) from 21st August, 2008.
1. How the Land records management systems are being modernized?
The land records are being basically managed by the Revenue Department and the property registration is being done by the Registration Department. The NLRMP proposes to computerize Sub Registrar Offices & the Land Records Offices and integration of Registration and Land Records maintenance systems. In this way automatic mutation following registration will keep the land records up-to-date.
2. What are the main components of the Programme?
The main components of the NLRMP are:
I. Computerization of land records-
a. Data entry/re-entry/data conversion of all textual records including mutation records and other land attributes data
b. Digitization of cadastral maps
c. Integration of textual and spatial data
d. Tehsil, sub-division/district Computer centres
e. State-level data centres
f. Inter-connectivity among revenue offices
II. Survey/resurvey and updating of the survey & settlement records (including ground control network and ground truthing) using the following modern technology options:
a) Pure ground method using total station (TS) and differential global positioning system (DGPS)
b) Hybrid methodology using aerial photography and ground truthing by TS and DGPS
c) High Resolution Satellite Imagery (HRSI) and ground truthing by TS and DGPS.
III. Computerization of Registration:
a) Computerization of the sub-registrar’s offices (SROs)
b) Data entry of valuation details
c) Data entry of legacy encumbrance data
d) Scanning & preservation of old documents
e) Connectivity of SROs with revenue offices
IV. Modern record rooms/land records management centres at tehsil/taluk/circle/block level
V. Training & capacity building
3. Who is implementing the Programme in the States/UTs?
The Revenue Departments in the States/UTs through their Heads of Departments or specific organizations created for the purpose, are implementing the programme.
4. When will a particular district be covered under the Programme?
The NLRMP is a demand driven programme. The State/UT prepares a State/UT Perspective Plan to cover different districts in different years. Funds to cover particular districts in a particular year are released according to the Annual Action Plan submitted by the State/UT to the DoLR.
5. What is the role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in the implementation of the Programme?
Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions will be governed by the provisions made in the State/UT Revenue Laws/Rules/Regulations and Manuals.
6. What role the Non-Governmental Organizations can play in the implementation of the Programme?
In order to streamline the implementation of the Programme and to achieve the targets within the proposed timeframe, the States/UTs may like to go for the PPP models in respect of certain activities under the Programme or outsource them on a turnkey basis. The District Administration may also take help from the Non-Governmental Organizations in building up awareness about the Programme.
7. What benefits citizens are going to get from this Programme?
The citizen is expected to benefit from NLRMP in one or more of the following ways;
i. Real-time land ownership records will be available to the citizen
ii. Since the records will be placed on the websites with proper security IDs, property owners will have free access to their records without any compromise in regard to confidentiality of the information
iii. Free accessibility to the records will reduce interface between the citizen and the Government functionaries, thereby reducing rent seeking and harassment.
iv. Public-private partnership (PPP) mode of service delivery will further reduce citizen interface with Govt. machinery, while adding to the convenience
v. Abolition of stamp papers and payment of stamp duty and registration fees through banks, etc. will also reduce interface with the Registration machinery
vi. With the use of IT inter linkages; the time for obtaining RoRs, etc. will be drastically reduced
vii. The single-window service or the web-enabled “anytime-anywhere” access will save the citizen time and effort in obtaining RoRs, etc.
viii. Automatic and automated mutations will significantly reduce the scope of fraudulent property deals
ix. Conclusive titling will also significantly reduce litigation
x. These records will be tamper-proof
xi.This method will permit e-linkages to credit facilities
xii. Market value information will be available on the website to the citizen
xiii. Certificates based on land data (e.g., domicile, caste, income, etc.) will be available to the citizen through computers
xiv. Information on eligibility for Government programs will be available, based on the data
xv. Issuance of land passbooks with relevant information will be facilitated
8. What are the charges for various certificates being provided?
Each State/UT fixes its own charges for various types of certificates being provided.
9.Where and how can I give my suggestions regarding the above programme?
One can write and post the suggestions to the following address:
Deputy Advisor (Land Reforms)
Department of Land Resources
Ministry of Rural Development
Room No.110; “G” wing; NBO Building;Nirman Bhawan
New Delhi, 110011
One can also e-mail one’s suggestions to da-dolr[at]nic[dot]in
10. From where can I get up-to-date information about the Programme?
Various websites of the States/UTs and the website of the DoLR, i.e., htp://dolr.nic.in provide up-to-date information about the Programme.