In our country, land administration and its management are diverse in the form of language, culture, regions, topography, nomenclature and socio-economic factors. In this milieu, digitization of land records with accuracy and updated status and access to these by the public in easy and online mode becomes very important. Though the land and its management (Entry No.18 and 45 of the State List of the 7th Schedule of the constitution) fall in the domain of the States, Government of India has always been assisting the States/UTs by way of financial assistance and technical support to digitize the land records and place the same in the public domain.
    DILRMP is a Government of India initiative launched in 2016 to modernize the management of Land Records, minimize the scope of land/property disputes and enhance transparency in the land records maintenance system. The earlier National Land Records Modernization Programme (NILRMP), approved in 2008 as a centrally Sponsored Scheme, has been revamped as the Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP) a Central Sector Scheme with 100% Central Government funding with effect from 1st April 2016. The scheme has been extended by Ministry of Finance from 2021-22 to 2025-26 with an outlay of Rs.875.00 crores and with addition of two new components viz. Computerization of all Revenue Courts in the country & their integration with land records and consent based linking of Aadhaar number with Records of Rights (RoR).


    The objective of DILRMP is to develop a modern, comprehensive and transparent land record management system with the aim to develop an Integrated Land Information Management System, which will inter-alia-

    1. Improve real-time information on land.
    2. Optimize use of land resources.
    3. Benefit both landowners & prospectors.
    4. Assist in policy & planning.
    5. Reduce land disputes.
    6. Check fraudulent transactions.
    7. Obviate need of physical visits to Revenue/Registration offices.
    8. Enable sharing of information with various organisations/agencies.
    Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme-DILRMP

    Integrated Land Information Management System

    Seamless access to land records related information can be very effective for enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of services/benefits of Central/State Government Departments. The effectiveness in delivery of services to stakeholders depends upon the uniformity, interoperability, and compatibility for sharing of land records related information among different stakeholders. Development of a comprehensive integrated land information management system would work as the main driver for development of infrastructure, economic growth of the country; more so because livelihood of majority of the rural population of our country is dependent on land resources. This can be achieved through active participation of States/UTs.
    DILRMP is a tool to achieve a modern, comprehensive and transparent land record management system with the aim to develop an Integrated Land Information Management System which will inter alia provide error-free, transparent and tamper-proof land records by adopting modern technology such as AI, Machine Learning and Block chain technology thereby providing security of tenancy to citizen, reduce land disputes, simplify procedure of transfer of property title, assist in policy / planning etc.

    Major components and activities of DILRMP:

    The programme has the following major components and activities:

    S.No Component Activities
    1 Computerization of Land Records (i) Computerization of Record of Rights;
    (ii) Digitization of cadastral maps;
    (iii) Integration of Record of Rights (textual) and cadastral maps (spatial);
    (iv) Data centres at state level.
    2 Computerization of Registration (i) Computerization of Sub Registrar Offices (SROs);
    (ii) Connectivity between Sub-registrar offices and Tehsils; and
    (iii) Integration of registration and land records.
    3 Survey / Resurvey Survey / resurvey and updating of survey & settlement records.
    4 Modern Record Rooms Modern Record rooms / Land records management Centres at tehsil level.
    5 Training & Capacity building Creation of DILRMP Cells at Administrative Training Institutes and / or the Survey / Revenue / Patwari Training Institutes of States
    6 Project Management Unit To provide human resources and other infrastructure to provide support for the effective implementation of various components of DILRMP.
    7 Computerization of Revenue Court Management System Computerization of all Revenue Courts in the country and their integration with Land records.
    8 Integration of Aadhaar number with the land record database on voluntary basis To link Aadhaar number with Records of Rights (RoR).


    The State Governments/UT Administrations are implementing the programme through their Central Nodal Agencies already set up under the Programme. In addition to this, the Central Government also extends technical/Administrative support to the States/UTs for implementation and Monitoring.

    Implementation Status

    Present Status: The implementation of this programme is a complex, sensitive and voluminous work, involving cumbersome and time-consuming processes. Gestation period of completion of the various activities / components of this programme is relatively longer as compared to other schemes.
    Substantial progress has been achieved in the basic components of the programme viz. Computerization of Record of Rights (RoRs), Digitization of cadastral maps; Computerization of Registration, Connectivity between Sub-Registrar Offices and Tehsils, Integration of Registration and Land Records, etc. Physical progress under major components of DILRMP is available on DILRMP MIS Link.

    Progress in Computerization of Land Records:

    • Computerization of Record of Rights (RoRs) have been completed in 6,25,137 villages out of 6,57,397 villages (95.09%) as on 31st December, 2023 as per MIS of Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP).
    • The Computerization of RoRs has been completed (99% and above) in 15 (fifteen) States/UTs viz. Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Puducherry Tamil Nadu, Telengana and Tripura.
    • Cadastral Maps digitized is more than 68% in 28 States/ UTs (2,52,51,446 maps out of total 3,69,86,358 maps)
    • Computerization of Registration completed more than 93% in 29 States/UTs (5060 Sub-Registrar Offices out of total 5,329 SROs) and Integration of SROs with Land Records completed more than 75% in 23 States/UTs (4,669 SROs out of total 5,329 SROs).


    Geo-referencing of Cadastral Maps

    In order to implement Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) and generate geo-referenced data of the Land parcels, geo-referencing of Cadastral Maps of 3,26,776 (49.10%) out of 6,57,397 villages have been completed. The target is to geo-reference all Land Parcels and assign them a ULPIN (Bhu-Aadhar)
    State/UT wise progress with respect to DILRMP is available at DILRMP-MIS